Tuesday, June 25, 2013

10 Most Intelligent Animals

Apes—or more specifically, chimpanzees—share 94% of their DNA with humans and demonstrate incredible signs of intelligence. We are always super-impressed and emotionally moved whenever animals display the “human” quality of learning. 
The following are some of the world’s smartest animals, doing some pretty smart things.

1 – Octopus

Octopus is one of the smartest creatures in the sea. This animal is still poorly understood, but scientists are constantly discovering new and impressive octopus abilities. They play, solve problems, navigate through mazes and have a respectable short-term memory.

2 – Pigeon

 They have a great memory that can recognise themselves in the mirror, can remember hundreds of different images/photos and learn routes to their home from long distances.

3 – Pigs

Pigs Intelligent Animals

It is said that they have emotion, sensitivity, hurt feelings and easily bored. They are very sociable to humans and they are trainable. Some say they are more trainable than dogs. In laboratories, pigs play video games better than primates. Pigs can also dream and recognize their own names.

4 – Dog

Dog And Cat
                                        Dog And Cat
Human’s best friend, very trainable, sociable to humans, can understand commands and obedience. Dogs can identify and remember animal or human faces they’ve met, they can recognise radio, television, etc. They also can be sensitive, jealous and they won’t forget someone hurting them in their entire life.

5 – Parrot

Parrots are widely recognised as the smartest birds. They can do many wonderful things with their stunning beaks. According to recent study, the Cacadu Parrots have 90% accurate bird’s skills. A Parrot can mimic human words, understand the meanings, can remember many words and make sentences.

6 – Rats

Rat is a highly intelligent yet much-maligned animal in Western cultures. Widely used in research, the lab rat has been known to find shortcuts, loopholes and escape routes in the laboratory experiments designed by the top scientific minds of our time.

7 – Sheep

British scientists and researchers stated that sheep have an incredible kind of instinctive ability and intelligence beyond your imaginations. If threatened, they make large groups and run away together from predators. Sheeps can remember and identify animal faces and also human faces.

8 – Dolphins

Dolphins are extremely social animals. They can find their relatives separated miles away in the sea for unknown reason but they have their own language to communicate. The most significant aspect about the dolphins is that they never sleep with their systems due to their incredible piece of brain power and aesthetic sensibility.

9 – Elephants

The elephant brain is very heavy. It weighs in at about 5 kilos or more. Other large mammals, such as rhinos and hippos don’t have that kind of brain size. Scientific research has proven that elephants have the ability to use different objects in creative ways without being taught firsthand. They have been known to clean their food and use tools in various ways in the wild, and they can also follow human commands in captivity.

10 – Gorillas & Chimpanzees (Primates)

The impressive intellectual abilities of these animals have long fascinated humans. They can make and use tools, hunt collectively, and are capable of advanced problem-solving. They are also able to learn sign language to communicate with humans and can remember the name sign for individuals they have not seen for sever

Thursday, June 20, 2013

Things Happy People Do Differently

There are two types of people in the world: those who choose to be happy, and those who choose to be unhappy. Contrary to popular belief, happiness doesn't come from fame, fortune, other people, or material possessions. Rather it comes from within.

The richest person in the world could be miserable while a homeless person could be right outside, smiling and content with their life. Happy people are happy because they make themselves happy. They maintain a positive outlook on life and remain at peace with themselves.
The question is: how do they do that?
Its quite simple. Happy people have good habits that enhance their lives. They do things differently. Ask any happy person, and they will tell you that they
1. Don't hold grudges.
Happy people understand that its better to forgive and forget than to let their negative feelings crowd out their positive feelings. Holding a grudge has a lot of detrimental effects on your well being, including increased depression, anxiety, and stress. Why let anyone who has wronged you have power over you? If you let go of all your grudges, youll gain a clear conscience and enough energy to enjoy the good things in life.
2. Treat everyone with kindness.
3. See problems as challenges.
The word problem is never part of a happy persons vocabulary. A problem is viewed as a drawback, a struggle, or an unstable situation while a challenge is viewed as something positive like an opportunity, a task, or a dare. Whenever you face an obstacle, try looking at it as a challenge.
4. Express gratitude for what they already have.
There is a popular saying that goes something like this: The happiest people don't have the best of everything; they just make the best of everything they have. You will have a deeper sense of contentment if you count your blessings instead of yearning for what you dont have.
People who get into the habit of dreaming big are more likely to accomplish their goals than those who don't. If you dare to dream big, your mind will put itself in a focused and positive state.
6. Don't sweat the small stuff.
7. Speak well of others.
8. Never make excuses.
Happy people don't dwell on the past or worry about the future. They savor the present. They let themselves get immersed in whatever they aree doing at the moment. Stop and smell the roses.
11. Avoid social comparison.
Everyone works at his own pace, so why compare yourself to others? If you think you are better than someone else, you gain an unhealthy sense of superiority. If you think someone else is better than you, you end up feeling bad about yourself. You'll be happier if you focus on your own progress and praise others on theirs.
12. Choose friends wisely.
Misery loves company. That is why its important to surround yourself with optimistic people who will encourage you to achieve your goals. The more positive energy you have around you, the better you will feel about yourself.
13. Never seek approval from others.
Happy people dont care what others think of them. They follow their own hearts without letting naysayers discourage them. They understand that its impossible to please everyone. Listen to what people have to say, but never seek anyone's approval but your own.
14. Take the time to listen.
Talk less; listen more. Listening keeps your mind open to others wisdom and outlooks on the world. The more intensely you listen, the quieter your mind gets, and the more content you feel.
15. Nurture social relationships.
A lonely person is a miserable person. Happy people understand how important it is to have strong, healthy relationships. Always take the time to see and talk to your family, friends, or significant other.
Meditating silences your mind and helps you find inner peace. You dont have to be a zen master to pull it off. Happy people know how to silence their minds anywhere and anytime they need to calm their nerves.
17. Eat well.
Junk food makes you sluggish, and its difficult to be happy when you are in that kind of state. Everything you eat directly affects your body's ability to produce hormones, which will dictate your moods, energy, and mental focus. Be sure to eat foods that will keep your mind and body in good shape.
18. Exercise.
Studies have shown that exercise raises happiness levels just as much as Zoloft does. Exercising also boosts your self-esteem and gives you a higher sense of self-accomplishment.
19. Live minimally.
Happy people rarely keep clutter around the house because they know that extra belongings weigh them down and make them feel overwhelmed and stressed out. Some studies have concluded that Europeans are a lot happier than Americans are, which is interesting because they live in smaller homes, drive simpler cars, and own fewer items.
Lying stresses you out, corrodes your self-esteem, and makes you unlikable  The truth will set you free. Being honest improves your mental health and builds others trust in you. Always be truthful, and never apologize for it.
21. Establish personal control.
Happy people have the ability to choose their own destinies. They dont let others tell them how they should live their lives. Being in complete control of ones own life brings positive feelings and a great sense of self-worth.
22. Accept what cannot be changed.
Once you accept the fact that life is not fair, you'll be more at peace with yourself. Instead of obsessing over how unfair life is, just focus on what you can control and change it for the better.

Thursday, June 13, 2013


I am glad to share one of the nice articles recently read by me.

The parents nowadays are quite worried about the behavioral changes in their children due to several socio-economical reasons. The gap between parents and the younger generations, is increasing day by day due to which the family bonding is getting weaker and weaker. They have forgotten the 
countless efforts and sacrifices made by their parents throughout their lives.


Since birth we ate the food provided by them - many lakhs of times!!!
Our household expenses, maintenance, educational needs, daily coaching
etc., was attended by them free of cost. 

All our requirements under the sky, from childhood till we started earning our own income, was provided by them at their cost, despite their financial conditions and ability, until we became independent to enjoy and survive in this world. The services of our parents cannot be listed as it will run to volumes. All that we can do in return is our moral and spiritual responsibility to take care of them
now when they are helpless

1. Give them enough money understanding their requirements without their
indicating same.
2. Share time with them to laugh and smile.
3. Be polite and don't try to control their actions, but politely give
your views slowly and softly.
4. While walking keep pace with them as due to age, they may be slow and
stay behind them. Give them respect.
5. Look after their needs, just asking "shall I bring water, some
biscuits, a fruit etc.,? Should i bring tea for you? Are you hungry, baba"
6. Observe their health condition closely and take them for periodical
check ups. Sensitive parents will not ask you to do this and that.
7. Check whether they take their medicines timely and remind, don't talk
about the cost of the medicine and value!!
8. Take them out where they would like to go, and organise it to their
9. Go from time to time to public places, parks, restaurants of their
choice etc.,
10. Respect their preferences and likes. Don't force your views and
11. They don't demand respect, they deserve it
12. When elders arrive or depart, open the door with respect.
13. Go shopping and watch they select and don't comment on their
choices. Your choices certainly will differ with theirs and you cannot thrust it on
14. celebrate their birthdays and wedding days with some surprise gifts
observing their needs and preferences.
15. Daily wish them before you go out and return home visiting them in
their rooms.
16. Explain your children the importance of the grand parents and
cultivate the habit so that you will be respected when they become grown
17. When you come back to home, visit them first in their room.
18. Don't criticise their friends and their manners, dresses etc., and
talk ill of them. They have not come to see you,or care for your views,
which please remember.

19. In any matter of discussions where the views of yours and the
parents differ try to follow their views as much as possible finding a
compromising solution without hurting feelings. Remember their sacrifices
and time, and you owe them immeasurably which they never asked for. Going
their way with your supporting ideas would be ideal patiently and politely.
20. Disposal of old parents to old age homes, and separate care homes is
a crime unpardonable. Remember their hardship and difficulties in bringing
you up and putting up with your tantrums and obstinacies unmindfully. Don't
be ignorant..
21. At the dinner table, first serve food to them and then to others

A word to parents also -- 

Please for heaven's sake don't mention how much troubles and sufferings you had in bringing up your children in front of them or talk about the money you spent on their studies and maintenance etc. This is not settlement of account matter. 

Love begets love which please remember and don't degrade yourself. You should not demand respect but command it.

Saturday, June 8, 2013

Wonderful for people who are adventurous.

Sharing below some of the photos of adventurous persons which are very interesting and at the same time very scary to watch:

1 Cliff camping 

2. Skywalking in the Alps 

3. Portaledge camping at Yosemite 

4. Climbing Redwoods 

5. Sitting on the Trolltunga rock in Norway 

6. Jumping on the Trolltunga rock in Norway 

7. British climber John Roberts in South Africa 

8. Ice climbing a frozen waterfall 

9.Extreme picnicking 

10.Extreme skiing at Grand Targhee, Wyoming 

11.Skywalking on Mount Nimbus in Canada 

12.Tree camping in Germany 

13. Vintage climbing photo taken from Gaston Rébuffat's book 

14. Extreme kayaking at Victoria Falls 

15.Blake Aldridge dives 29 metres from the rock monolith during the Red Bull Cliff Diving World Series in Portugal 

16. Climbing Mt. Wellington 

17. On the Edgewalk in Toronto 

18. A death-defying act by Eskil Rønningsbakken in Norway 

19. Alex Honnold at Yosemite 

20. Now imagine if you dropped your phone down there. 

21. Glacierboarding 

22. Bike trail on the Cliffs of Moher 

Sunday, June 2, 2013

Types , Symptoms and Treatment of phobias

phobia (from the GreekφόβοςPhóbos, meaning "fear" or "morbid fear") is, when used in the context of clinical psychology, a type of anxiety disorder, usually defined as a persistent fear of an object or situation in which the sufferer commits to great lengths in avoiding, typically disproportional to the actual danger posed, often being recognized as irrational. 

In the event the phobia cannot be avoided entirely, the sufferer will endure the situation or object with marked distress and significant interference in social or occupational activities


These types of fears can obstruct the individual’s life and escort to significant stress and anxiety.There are many types of phobias of which ten types of phobias are listed below:

1. Arachnophobia – dread of spiders

According to the survey, fifty percentage of feminine and ten percentage of masculine have a dread of spiders. Generally, the populace with Arachnophobia feels uncomfortable to dwell in the area where they address the presence of spiders such as webs. In some severe cases, the movies and realistic picture of spider can stir up fear.
2. Social phobia – panic of social events
It is evaluated that social phobia occupies nearly fifteen million inhabits of America. Both, women and men are similar to promote this kind of disorder and it basically starts in childhood or premature adolescence. A person has a fear of communicating or speaking uncomfortable in informal and formal events. In addition, they have a fear of drinking or eating before others.
3. Aerophobia – dread of flying
The dread of flying is projected to affect nearly twenty five percent of the populace. It is an irregular and constant fear of flying.
4. Agoraphobia – alarm of crowds, open grounds and uncontrolled social events
Agoraphobia occupies severe fear and it intends to avoid the place or circumstance where help unavailable and escape is questionable. It is generally occupies the majority adults who stayed in the age group of 18 and 35 than others.
5. Claustrophobia – panic of being wrapped up in tiny curbed spaces
Claustrophobia is normally related with the suffocation and the fear occupies the person while under the suffocated area and lack of air.
6.  Acrophobia – dread of Heights
Acrophobia is an irrational panic of heights which can be hazardous, as patients can feel a panic attack in an elevated point and become extreme nervous to step down themselves safely.
7. Nyctophobia – Panic of the dark
This kind of fear is usual and it common and temporarily occupy the children. If it sustains for more than six months and it reported extend stress and it is minimal in adults.
8. Brontophobia – Fear of lightening/thunder
Brontophobia is an unusual and relentless panic of thunder which causes nervousness although patients address that thunder creates any harm to them owing to the safer dwelling. They may react and cause extreme anxiety while they are outdoors in a thunderstorm. They can react indoors in various actions such as hide themselves beneath desks/beds, behind closets or sofas and so forth.
9. Necrophobia – Dread of dead related things or death
It is a panic of dead related things or death occurrences not only their relatives but also they view the dead bodies or ceremonies related to the death. They have an extreme fear while crosses the cemetery or burial grounds. They have a dreadful dream related to the death, if they address any kind of death related things in the day.
10. Aquarphobia – Dread of water
Acrophobia is an irrational panic and sustains dread of water which is uncontrolled or disturbs the routine life. They may keep away from the actions such as swimming, boating and even visiting the beaches.

You can refer the following website for a list of many known phobias and their meanings:


Signs and symptoms of phobias

The symptoms of a phobia can range from mild feelings of apprehension and anxiety to a full-blown panic attack. Typically, the closer you are to the thing you’re afraid of, the greater your fear will be. Your fear will also be higher if getting away is difficult.

Physical signs and symptoms of a phobia

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Racing or pounding heart
  • Chest pain or tightness
  • Trembling or shaking
  • Feeling dizzy or lightheaded
  • A churning stomach
  • Hot or cold flashes; tingling sensations
  • Sweating

Emotional signs and symptoms of a phobia

  • Feeling of overwhelming anxiety or panic
  • Feeling an intense need to escape
  • Feeling “unreal” or detached from yourself
  • Fear of losing control or going crazy
  • Feeling like you’re going to die or pass out
  • Knowing that you’re overreacting, but feeling powerless to control your fear

When to seek help for phobias and fears

Although phobias are common, they don’t always cause considerable distress or significantly disrupt your life. For example, if you have a snake phobia, it may cause no problems in your everyday activities if you live in a city where you are not likely to run into one. On the other hand, if you have a severe phobia of crowded spaces, living in a big city would pose a problem.
If your phobia doesn’t really impact your life that much, it’s probably nothing to be concerned about. But if avoidance of the object, activity, or situation that triggers your phobia interferes with your normal functioning or keeps you from doing things you would otherwise enjoy, it’s time to seek help.

Consider treatment for your phobia if:

  • It causes intense and disabling fear, anxiety, and panic.
  • You recognize that your fear is excessive and unreasonable.
  • You avoid certain situations and places because of your phobia.
  • Your avoidance interferes with your normal routine or causes significant distress.
  • You’ve had the phobia for at least six months.

Self-help or therapy for phobias: which treatment is best?

When it comes to treating phobias, self-help strategies and therapy can both be effective. What’s best for you depends on a number of factors, including the severity of your phobia, your insurance coverage, and the amount of support you need.
As a general rule, self-help is always worth a try. The more you can do for yourself, the more in control you’ll feel—which goes a long way when it comes to phobias and fears. However, if your phobia is so severe that it triggers panic attacks or uncontrollable anxiety, you may want to get additional support.
The good news is that therapy for phobias has a great track record. Not only does it work extremely well, but you tend to see results very quickly—sometimes in as a little as 1-4 sessions.
However, support doesn’t have to come in the guise of a professional therapist. Just having someone to hold your hand or stand by your side as you face your fears can be extraordinarily helpful.

Phobia treatment tip 1: Face your fears, one step at a time

It’s only natural to want to avoid the thing or situation you fear. But when it comes to conquering phobias, facing your fears is the key. While avoidance may make you feel better in the short-term, it prevents you from learning that your phobia may not be as frightening or overwhelming as you think. You never get the chance to learn how to cope with your fears and experience control over the situation. As a result, the phobia becomes increasingly scarier and more daunting in your mind.

Exposure: Gradually and repeatedly facing your fears

The most effective way to overcome a phobia is by gradually and repeatedly exposing yourself to what you fear in a safe and controlled way. During this exposure process, you’ll learn to ride out the anxiety and fear until it inevitably passes.
Through repeated experiences facing your fear, you’ll begin to realize that the worst isn’t going to happen; you’re not going to die or “lose it”. With each exposure, you’ll feel more confident and in control. The phobia begins to lose its power.
Successfully facing your fears takes planning, practice, and patience. The following tips will help you get the most out of the exposure process.

Climbing up the “fear ladder”

If you’ve tried exposure in the past and it didn’t work, you may have started with something too scary or overwhelming. It’s important to begin with a situation that you can handle, and work your way up from there, building your confidence and coping skills as you move up the “fear ladder.”

Facing a fear of dogs: A sample fear ladder

  • Step 1: Look at pictures of dogs.
  • Step 2: Watch a video with dogs in it.
  • Step 3: Look at a dog through a window.
  • Step 4: Stand across the street from a dog on a leash.
  • Step 5: Stand 10 feet away from a dog on a leash.
  • Step 6: Stand 5 feet away from a dog on a leash.
  • Step 7: Stand beside a dog on a leash.
  • Step 8: Pet a small dog that someone is holding.
  • Step 9: Pet a larger dog on a leash.
  • Step 10: Pet a larger dog off leash.
  • Make a list. Make a list of the frightening situations related to your phobia. If you’re afraid of flying, your list (in addition to the obvious, such as taking a flight or getting through takeoff) might include booking your ticket, packing your suitcase, driving to the airport, watching planes take off and land, going through security, boarding the plane, and listening to the flight attendant present the safety instructions.
  • Build your fear ladder. Arrange the items on your list from the least scary to the most scary. The first step should make you slightly anxious, but not so frightened that you’re too intimidated to try it. When creating the ladder, it can be helpful to think about your end goal (for example, to be able to be near dogs without panicking) and then break down the steps needed to reach that goal.
  • Work your way up the ladder. Start with the first step (in this example, looking at pictures of dogs) and don’t move on until you start to feel more comfortable doing it. If at all possible, stay in the situation long enough for your anxiety to decrease. The longer you expose yourself to the thing you’re afraid of, the more you’ll get used to it and the less anxious you’ll feel when you face it the next time. If the situation itself is short (for example, crossing a bridge), do it over and over again until your anxiety starts to lessen. Once you’ve done a step on several separate occasions without feeling too much anxiety, you can move on to the next step. If a step is too hard, break it down into smaller steps or go slower.
  • Practice. It’s important to practice regularly. The more often you practice, the quicker your progress will be. However, don’t rush. Go at a pace that you can manage without feeling overwhelmed. And remember: you will feel uncomfortable and anxious as you face your fears, but the feelings are only temporary. If you stick with it, the anxiety will fade. Your fears won’t hurt you.

If you start to feel overwhelmed…

While it’s natural to feel scared or anxious as you face your phobia, you should never feel overwhelmed by these feelings. If you start to feel overwhelmed, immediately back off. You may need to spend more time learning to control feelings of anxiety (see the relaxation techniques below), or you may feel more comfortable working with a therapist.

Phobia treatment tip 2: Learn relaxation techniques

As you’ll recall, when you’re afraid or anxious, you experience a variety of uncomfortable physical symptoms, such as a racing heart and a suffocating feeling. These physical sensations can be frightening themselves—and a large part of what makes your phobia so distressing. However, by learning and practicing relaxation techniques, you can become more confident in your ability to tolerate these uncomfortable sensations and calm yourself down quickly.
Relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, and muscle relaxation are powerful antidotes to anxiety, panic, and fear. With regular practice, they can improve your ability to control the physical symptoms of anxiety, which will make facing your phobia less intimidating. Relaxation techniques will also help you cope more effectively with other sources of stress and anxiety in your life.

A simple deep breathing relaxation exercise

When you’re anxious, you tend to take quick, shallow breaths (also known as hyperventilating), which actually adds to the physical feelings of anxiety. By breathing deeply from the abdomen, you can reverse these physical sensations. You can’t be upset when you’re breathing slowly, deeply, and quietly. 

Within a few short minutes of deep breathing, you’ll feel less tense, short of breath, and anxious.
  • Sit or stand comfortably with your back straight. Put one hand on your chest and the other on your stomach.
  • Take a slow breath in through your nose, counting to four. The hand on your stomach should rise. The hand on your chest should move very little.
  • Hold your breath for a count of seven.
  • Exhale through your mouth to a count of eight, pushing out as much air as you can while contracting your abdominal muscles. The hand on your stomach should move in as you exhale, but your other hand should move very little.
  • Inhale again, repeating the cycle until you feel relaxed and centered.
Try practicing this deep breathing technique for five minutes twice day. You don’t need to feel anxious to practice. In fact, it’s best to practice when you’re feeling calm until you’re familiar and comfortable with the exercise. Once you’re comfortable with this deep breathing technique, you can start to use it when you’re facing your phobia or in other stressful situations.

Phobia treatment tip 3: Challenge negative thoughts

Learning to challenge unhelpful thoughts is an important step in overcoming your phobia. When you have a phobia, you tend to overestimate how bad it will be if you’re exposed to the situation you fear. At the same time, you underestimate your ability to cope.
The anxious thoughts that trigger and fuel phobias are usually negative and unrealistic. It can help to put these thoughts to the test. Begin by writing down any negative thoughts you have when confronted with your phobia. Many times, these thoughts fall into the following categories:
  • Fortune telling. For example, “This bridge is going to collapse;” “I’ll make a fool of myself for sure;” “I will definitely lose it when the elevator doors close.”
  • Overgeneralization. “I fainted once while getting a shot. I’ll never be able to get a shot again without passing out;” “That pit bull lunged at me. All dogs are dangerous.”
  • Catastrophizing. “The captain said we’re going through turbulence. The plane is going to crash!” “The person next to me coughed. Maybe it’s the swine flu. I’m going to get very sick!”
Once you’ve identified your negative thoughts, evaluate them. Use the following example to get started.
Negative thought: “The elevator will break down and I’ll get trapped and suffocate.”
Is there any evidence that contradicts this thought?
  • “I see many people using the elevator and it has never broken down.”
  • “I cannot remember ever hearing of anyone dying from suffocation in an elevator.”
  • “I have never actually been in an elevator that has broken down.”
  • “There are air vents in an elevator which will stop the air running out.”
Could you do anything to resolve this situation if it does occur?
  • “I guess I could press the alarm button or use the telephone to call for assistance.”
Are you making a thinking error?
  • “Yes. I’m fortune telling, as I have no evidence to suggest that the elevator will break down.”
What would you say to a friend who has this fear?
  • “I would probably say that the chances of it happening are very slim as you don’t see or hear about it very often.”
Source: Mood Juice
It’s also helpful to come up with some positive coping statements that you can tell yourself when facing your phobia. For example:
  • “I’ve felt this way before and nothing terrible happened. It may be unpleasant, but it won’t harm me.”
  • “If the worst happens and I have a panic attack while I’m driving, I’ll simply pull over and wait for it to pass.”
  • “I’ve flown many times and the plane has never crashed. In fact, I don’t know anyone who’s ever been in a plane crash. Statistically, flying is very safe.”