Thursday, May 31, 2012

Fire accidents and Fire Control steps

In my earlier post dated 25.5.2012 , I have written about the origin and effects of Earthquakes and the Steps to be taken during earthquakes with the link given below:

In this post, I have covered about Fire accidents and steps to be taken to control fire:

Fire in another disaster which occurs every day in some place and causes severe consequences  in respect of loss of life and loss of properties etc. In many Fire disaster cases, it is always reported that the fire has occurred due to negligence of the occupants of the building in strictly following the steps required to avoid such disasters. In many cases , the Fire disaster takes place in high raised Apartments, Buildings without fire fighting equipment, buildings with improper/damaged electric wire connections etc and by the time the Fire men arrives most of the materials in the building is either completely or partly bunt out and in many cases loss of life of human beings and animals also happen.  

In this post, I have covered  about the causes of fire disasters and the steps to be taken to avoid to control the fire for creating awareness among the public especially for persons living in high raised apartments and persons working in Computerised environment.

Causes of fire accidents

  •   Carelessly discarded smoking materials
  •   Faulty electrical equipment/wiring
  •   Misuse of different types of heaters
  •   Over heating of equipment
  •   Spontaneous combustion (Direct Heat)
  •   Welding and cutting equipment
  •   Careless disposal of waste papers, combustible material etc.
  •   Casual attitude of workers & employees in the pantry and canteens
  •   Ignorance of Fire safety/Prevention.

Steps to be taken for avoid/control Fire accidents:

  • Ø  Functioning and operation of fire safety devices like Fire Extinguisher has to be explained to the residents of high raised buildings/employees  in offices through periodical training.
                                                    Fire Extinguisher
  • Ø  Comprehensive fire & emergency instructions have to be displayed at a prominent location.
Ø  Fire alarm system is to be installed.

Ø  Smoke detectors are to be provided in the server room and other areas of computer installations and are tested regularly to ensure their working condition.

                                              Smoke Detector

Ø  An evacuation plan is to be documented and rehearsed at regular intervals for taking immediate action in case of outbreak of fire for e.g., in multi storied buildings and commercial complexes.
Ø  Emergency exits have to be provided in the building with prominent sign boards above the exits for e.g., in multi storied buildings and commercial complexes.

   Preventive Measures to protect the Computer Systems from fire:

a.  Combustible materials and computer supplies such as stationery should not be kept inside the server room – should be kept at a safe distance.

b.   Electricity supply to systems must be wired with standard cabling, sealed with proper grounding / earthing. All loose ends in wires should be covered with seals or with insulated tapes. All electrical cables should be housed in conduits duly fastened and loose wires should not be hanging. Temporary wiring is prone to hazards and should not be allowed. Electrical cables used for wiring to be fire proof or fire retardant.

     All Electrical Installations, fittings, cables etc. have to be tested for preventing electrical short circuits once in three months. To confirm the same, the services of a qualified electrician can be availed. Use of extension boards must be avoided. Only three pin plugs should be used. Electrical components should be with BIS certification.

c. Electrical installations / plug points intended for computer systems should not be used for other electrical equipments / devices like fans, emergency lights etc and no extra load over the capacity should be added in UPS connections.

 d.UPS and batteries must be kept outside the server rooms in a separate enclosure.     


   Power supply must be routed through UPS with necessary arrangement for automatic switchover to UPS in the case of power failure. Where there is a three-phase connection, UPS with Automatic Phase Selector is to be provided. 
     Supply to UPS must be direct from the main supply. The power supply through UPS must be tested periodically for input, output, voltage and load.

e.    Wherever systems are exposed to high voltage fluctuations, suitable voltage stabilizers may be installed. The use of spike busters or circuit breakers may also be explored depending upon the nature of voltage fluctuation

f.      System rooms must have only essential computer items like servers, routers, modems. Peripheral devices such as printers etc should not be kept inside the server room. Inflammable materials must not be kept near the computer site. 

g.     Portable Fire Extinguishers must be installed at proximate places in the branch and all the staff members must be trained to operate the same.  The fire extinguishers must be serviced at periodical intervals and the date on which the last servicing activity was carried out indicated suitably on the equipment.

h.   All systems including computers, accessories, networking equipments, AC, UPS etc must be properly insured for full value covering all natural events and theft and must include the Electronic Equipment Policy clauses also. Wherever the systems are under warranty or AMC, the terms of contract must be properly complied with. 

i.      Periodic Fire fighting drills must be conducted at all strategic locations and teams to handle such occurrences must be formed besides imparting general knowledge and awareness to the people present.

j.      Contact numbers of staff must be made available with important customers in the neighbourhood for contact in case of exigency. The contact numbers of important service personnel viz., Fire Service Station, Police Station, Electricity Helpline, hospitals must be prominently displayed . 


All residents in the buildings/staff in offices to  be trained in taking appropriate action to be taken for emergencies like a fire breakout.  

The training will cover areas like:

  • Raising alarm;
  • Emergency measures;
  • Using fire-fighting equipment;
  • Evacuation procedures etc.
  • Periodic drills (at least once every year) to  be conducted to maintain the state of readiness among the staff in fighting emergencies and disasters and the details of the training conducted along with list of participants to be kept.

Fire safety checklist

  • Keep the area clean
  • Watch the storing systems
  • Ensure no inflammable fuel around the switch boards
  • Proper and identifiable circuit breakers
  • Proper marking of exit routes and doors
  • Unobstructed exit routes and doors
  • Proper size of exit points
  • Opening system of emergency/fire exists
  • Location of fire extinguishers


ü  Raise alarm (short fire-fire).  Inform one and all
ü  Press fire alarm button by breaking the glass
ü  Call administration, reception and security
ü  Keep to the right hand of staircases and in passageways
ü  Move any obstructions to one side
ü  Shut off power
ü  Use fire extinguisher if time permits
ü  Work as per the Evacuation plan.
ü  Crawl and evacuate heat smoke and gas will be less at lower levels
ü  Use wet handkerchief to cover face and nose
ü  Report to assembly area for head count
ü  Make sure the door closes tightly behind you
ü  If you need assistance with children, disabled elderly people. Please advise security personnel.
ü  Continue to leave the building even if the fire alarm stops
ü  Once outside the building give any information about those still inside to the fire fighting staff/security staff
ü  In case trapped – shout for help


ý  Do not panic – keep cool – think.
ý  Do not exert – you will inhale excessive smoke
ý  Do not go to washroom/cloak room
ý  Do not use elevator/lifts on the event of a fire.  Proceed to the Staircase and move down
ý  Do not waste valuable time by gathering personal belongings/valuables
ý  Avoid touching any lights, fans or electrical fittings
ý  Do not congregate in the lobby areas or just outside of the exit doors
ý  Do not obstruct the entrance of the building
ý  Do not attempt to jump out of a window or to climb onto ledges
ý  Do not break windows on upper floors unless vital for survival because glass may injure those below
ý  The lift doors should not be opened by force

A Message by George Carlin


George Denis Patrick Carlin (May 12, 1937 – June 22, 2008) was an American stand-up comediansocial criticsatiristactor and writer/author, who won fiveGrammy Awards for his comedy albums.
Carlin was noted for his black humor as well as his thoughts on politics, the English languagepsychologyreligion, and various taboo subjects. Carlin and his "Seven Dirty Words" comedy routine were central to the 1978 U.S. Supreme Court case F.C.C. v. Pacifica Foundation, in which a narrow 5–4 decision by the justices affirmed the government's power to regulate indecent material on the public airwaves.
The first of his fourteen stand-up comedy specials for HBO was filmed in 1977. In 1988, the 1990s and 2000s, Carlin's routines focused on socio-cultural criticism of modern American society. He often commented on contemporary political issues in the United States and satirized the excesses of American culture. His final HBO special, It's Bad for Ya, was filmed less than four months before his death.
In 2004, Carlin placed second on the Comedy Central list of the 100 greatest stand-up comedians of all time, ahead of Lenny Bruce and behind Richard Pryor.[23]He was a frequent performer and guest host on The Tonight Show during the three-decade Johnny Carson era, and hosted the first episode of Saturday Night Live. In 2008, he was awarded the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor.

Isn't it amazing that George Carlin - comedian of the 70's and 80's - could write something so very eloquent...and so very appropriate. 
"The paradox of our time in history is that we have taller buildings but shorter tempers, wider Freeways 
, but narrower viewpoints. We spend more, but have less, we buy more, but enjoy less. We have bigger houses and smaller families, more conveniences, but less time. We have more degrees but less sense, more knowledge, but less judgement, more experts, yet more problems, more medicine, but less wellness.

We drink too much, smoke too much, spend too recklessly, laugh too little, drive too fast, get too angry, stay up too late, get up too tired, read too little, watch TV too much, and pray too seldom.
We have multiplied our possessions, but reduced our values. We talk too much, love too seldom, and hate too often.

We've learned how to make a living, but not a life. We've added years to life not life to years. We've been all the way to the moon and back, but have trouble crossing the street to meet a new neighbor. We conquered outer space but not inner space. We've done larger things, but not better things.

We've cleaned up the air, but polluted the soul. We've conquered the atom, but not our prejudice. We write more, but learn less. We plan more, but accomplish less. We've learned to rush, but not to wait. We build more computers to hold more information, to produce more copies than ever, but we communicate less and less.

These are the times of fast foods and slow digestion, big men and small character, steep profits and shallow relationships. 

These are the days of two incomes but more divorce, fancier houses, but broken homes. 
These are days of quick trips, disposable diapers, throwaway morality, one night stands, overweight bodies, and pills that do everything from cheer, to quiet, to kill. 
It is a time when there is much in the showroom window and nothing in the stockroom. 
A time when technology can bring this letter to you, and a time when you can choose either to share this insight, or to just hit delete... 

Remember; spend some time with your loved ones, because they are not going to be around forever.

Remember, say a kind word to someone who looks up to you in awe, because that little person soon will grow up and leave your side.

  • Remember, to give a warm hug to the one next to you, because that is the only treasure you can give with your heart and it doesn't cost a cent.
  • Remember, to say, ' I love you ' to your partner and your loved ones, but most of all mean it. A kiss and an embrace will mend hurt when it comes from deep inside of you.
  • Remember to hold hands and cherish the moment for someday that person will not be there again.
  • Give time to love, give time to speak! And give time to share the precious thoughts in your mind.


Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away."

Look deeply into LOGOS

 Description: cid:000901ccf541$3744b1f0$990a60c0@DBNUser10  
 Do you see the arrow between the “E” and “x”?  I had never noticed this before.

Description: cid:000a01ccf541$3744b1f0$990a60c0@DBNUser10  
2nd and 3rd “t’s” are two people sharing a tortilla over a bowl of salsa.

Description: cid:000b01ccf541$3744b1f0$990a60c0@DBNUser10
Probably the world’s most famous bike race. The “R” in “Tour” is a cyclist – yellow circle front wheel of bicycle.

   Description: cid:000c01ccf541$3744b1f0$990a60c0@DBNUser10
Arrow probably means Amazon has everything from A to Z?

Description: cid:000d01ccf541$3744b1f0$990a60c0@DBNUser10 
There is a sideways chocolate kiss between “K” and “I”.

Description: cid:000e01ccf541$3744b1f0$990a60c0@DBNUser10 
There is a bear if you look closely at image of Matterhorn. Toblerone chocolate bars originated in Berne,Switzerland whose symbol is the bear. 
See “31” embedded in the “B R”??  Thirty one-derful flavors!!!

Description: cid:001001ccf541$3744b1f0$990a60c0@DBNUser10

Northwest Airlines. Circle is a compass. Guess which direction the arrow in upper left corner (or beginning of “W”) is pointing?      

See the gorilla and lioness?


Smiley face is also a “g” as in “goodwill”.


Used to be the emblem for the Milwaukee Brewers.  Baseball glove forms an “M” and a “B”.
 Logo was designed by a college art student.