Monday, August 7, 2017

Things in our home which requires regular cleaning



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We all would like to have a home that’s free of germs, fungus, mold, and other pests, but there are some places /things  we don’t know  or even realize that they require a serious cleaning.

 Here is the list of such household  things which require regular cleaning.

1. Toothbrushes

Things to Clean

Did you know that your toothbrush is mostly infested with hundreds of thousands of bacteria even after the first time you use it? To clean your toothbrush just pour a cup of vinegar  and dip your toothbrush in it for 15-30 minutes.

2. Toothbrush Holder

Things to Clean

After you’ve cleaned your toothbrush, you shouldn’t put it back in a filthy holder. A 2011 study from the University of Massachusetts found that the toothbrush holder is the 3rd-dirtiest object in our home. To clean it, rinse it in hot water and dry with a clean cloth. If the insides are hard to reach, you can use a pipe-cleaner. Make sure you get any and all traces of toothpaste from it, then fill it up with mouthwash and leave it that way for 2 minutes. Rinse again and let it air dry.

3. Vacuum Filter

Things to Clean

Is your vacuum cleaner releasing unpleasant smells when your turn it on? This may indicate a contaminated filter. Buying a new one can cost you a pretty penny, but you can save the money by running the filter in the dishwasher. First, manually remove as much dust and particles off of it as you can, and then run it in the dishwasher and let it air dry for a couple of days.

4. Smartphones

Things to Clean

Smartphones are a breeding ground for bacteria – it’s near our mouths, in our hand, and most people take it with them to the toilet. To clean your smartphone, use a cleaning cloth lightly soaked in multi-purpose cleaner (don’t apply the liquid directly onto the device). After you’re done, use a rag dipped in alcohol to clean the microphone and speaker. It’s highly recommended that you do this after you’ve been sick.


Things to Clean
The great majority of people, you probably don’t clean your shower curtains or bathmats regularly, thinking “they’re in cleanest place in the house”. Sadly, this is a misconception – the washing room is a hot, humid place, which is exactly what fungus and bacteria love. To thoroughly clean them, wash them in the washing machine with a cup of baking soda and use the gentle cycle.

6. TV Remote

Things to Clean

It’s possible that since you got your TV, you haven’t cleaned the remote control even once. This doesn’t mean you’re lazy or dirty, it’s often the case because people don’t know that they should, or how to do it. Web MD reported on a University of Virginia study that "showed the remote control's surface is among the germiest" in a modern home. Researchers found that half of the remote controls tested were positive for cold viruses. 

Read More: http://www.thelist.com/42439/things-in-your-house-you-probably-never-think-to-clean/?utm_campaign=clip

To clean the remote, begin by removing the batteries. Use a dry toothbrush to clean between the buttons. Dip a rag in a 1:1 water/alcohol solution and wipe the remote. Finally, dip cotton buds in the solution and clean between all the nooks and crannies. Finally, dry it with a clean rag and you’re done.

7. Down Blankets

Things to Clean

Before you stow it away for the winter, take the opportunity to clean your favorite blanket from all the sweat and stains it collected while warming us up in the winter. Due to its size, most washing machines and dryers can’t handle it, but you can clean up particular stains by using a little bit of water and stain-remover. Make sure not to wet the down feathers inside, and dry the spot with a hairdryer.

8. Pillows

Things to Clean

Did you know that your pillows are probably home to dust mites? (About 10% of a 2-year-old pillow’s weight is dead dust mites and their excrements).
Synthetic filling – Synthetic filling can usually be put through the washing machine, but make sure you read the label for cleaning instructions. If you want to keep the pillow’s shape in the machine, toss in 1 or 2 tennis balls.
Memory Foam or Down Feathers – Clean in the same way as the down blanket from #7.

9. Shower Loofa (the fibrous matter of the fluid-transport system of a marrow-like fruit, which is dried and used as a bath sponge.)

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It’s always covered in soap, so it should be clean, right? WRONG. Loofahs trap bits of dead skin, providing bacteria with a delicious meal. To clean it, fill a bucket with water and add a ¼ cup of bleach. Leave the loofa in the bucket for 5 minutes and you should be good to go.

10. Fabric Lamp Shades

Things to Clean



Things to Clean

If you forget your thermos in your car, you’ll often find it reeking, and a regular wash simply won’t cut it. To thoroughly clean it, pour boiling water into it, seal it and leave it in overnight, and then rinse it in the morning. Alternatively, you can add two teaspoons of baking soda to lukewarm water and fill it up with the solution and leave it for a few hours.

12. Ice Trays

Things to Clean

Most ice trays are dishwasher-safe, but some require extra cleaning. Silicon ice trays get slowly covered by a layer of calcium sulfide. To clean the tray, place in a solution if water and vinegar for 2 hours.

13. Drying Rack

Things to Clean

We use it to dry our clean dishes, but we hardly ever clean it too. The best way to clean a drying rack is by dipping it in a sink full of water, adding a ¼ cup of bleach per every gallon of water. Leave the rack in for 20 minutes, and  then use a cloth to remove any remaining mold or stains. Once you’re done, rinse the rack again, and let it air-dry for a day.

14. Bath Toys

Things to Clean

If you give your kids a bath and let them play with toys while in there, then make sure you wash these toys once you’re done. The toys may be breeding mold, so mix a ½ cup of vinegar in a gallon of water and soak the toys in it for an hour. Once you’re done, rinse the toys and let them air dry.

15. Baby Booster Straps

Things to Clean

You should be cleaning the chair itself with ease every time, but what do you do when the straps get dirty? Simply make a bleach and baking soda solution. Use a toothbrush to clean the strap with the cleaning solution, and then rinse the whole chair.

16.Light switches

I don't want to scare you, but the dirtiest spot in your home isn't your toilet seat. It's likely the light switches in the kitchen, bathrooms, and common spaces.

Unless you have one of those old 80s "clap on, clap off" hands free light devices, or a smart home system set up, then you are definitely spreading germs through touching your light switches. Healthline.com recommends wiping down all light switches with a disinfecting cloth once a week.

Read More: http://www.thelist.com/42439/things-in-your-house-you-probably-never-think-to-clean/?utm_campaign=clip

17.Yoga and exercise mats

Think about how much sweat, oil and grime gets on your yoga mat during normal use, before you even think about hot yoga or Bikram classes. You roll that thing out onto strange floors, and if your yoga teacher is like mine, she won't mind jumping on your mat with her bare feet to show you some killer move — and then it's time to go face down on the mat.

Sky Meltzer, CEO of Manduka, a major yoga mat retailer, says (via SafeBee) that you can wipe down your mat with a cloth and "equal parts water and apple cider vinegar in a spray bottle."

Read More: http://www.thelist.com/42439/things-in-your-house-you-probably-never-think-to-clean/?utm_campaign=clip

Wednesday, August 2, 2017

Should Diabetics Avoid Sugar Completely?

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Should Diabetics Avoid Sugar Completely?

Answer is NO. Sugar doesn't give you diabetes. 
The myth that sugar causes diabetes is commonly accepted by many people. This is a complicated issue. Eating sugar has nothing to do with developing type 1 diabetes. Type 1 is caused by genetics and other unknown factors that trigger the disease.

One of the biggest risk factors for type 2 diabetes is being overweight, and a diet high in calories from any source contributes to weight gain. However, research has shown that drinking sugary drinks is linked to type 2 diabetes, and the American Diabetes Association recommends that people limit their intake of sugar-sweetened beverages to help prevent diabetes.

In the past, people with diabetes were told to completely avoid sugar. Experts thought that eating sugar would raise blood glucose levels very high.
Research around this issue has shown that while the type of carbohydrate can affect how quickly blood glucose levels rise, the total amount of carbohydrate you eat affects blood glucose levels more than the type. 

Now experts agree that you can substitute small amounts of sugar for other carbohydrate containing foods into your meal plan and still keep your blood glucose levels on track.

That doesn't mean you can eat all the sugar you may want. 

Most sweets contain a large amount of carbohydrate in a very small serving. So you need to be sure to have a small serving.

It is only when one is diabetic that they are asked to cut down on sugar and foods that have high sugar content. This is a part of diet restrictions that comes with this disease. However, it is not advisable to avoid sugar completely. That can lead to deficiency and further problems. A balanced diet has never harmed anyone, plan yours based around your diabetes

Planning balanced diet
1. Never be empty-stomach  
This will lead to subsequent drop in blood sugar levels which in turn can possibly lead to major complications. It is important to keep eating from time to time. So, if travelling or at work, make sure you carry snacks to be eaten between meals.

2. Take small but frequent meals 
Schedule your day such that you eat at regular intervals. Since you are not supposed to go hungry, make it a point to eat small meals frequently. Portion control is important here.

3. Add more proteins to your diet 
While proteins are important for everyone, they hold special importance for a diabetic's diet.

4. Eat whole grains  
Whole grains that are rich in fiber are also good for diabetics as they are packed with nutrition. Since the glucose takes longer to break down, these types of foods keep you fuller for a longer time.

5. Take sweet when your sugar level dips  
There might be times when your sugar level dips. For unprecedented events like this, always carry something sweet in your body as a precaution. Diabetics should not avoid sugar completely. If at any time one feels giddy or uncomfortable, a bite of something sweet is what is helpful.

6. Do not cut off all foods with sugar 
Our body gets sugar from natural foods too, so negating sweet completely would mean you stop eating almost everything. Your aim should be to eat right and not abstain completely.

Courtesy:
Dr. Shradha Doshi
Diploma in Diabetology, MBBS · Endocrinologist · 

Monday, June 26, 2017

How to file IT return online in India and Ten facts to know about filing income tax return this year

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How to file IT return online in India? 
Filing of Income tax return online is very easy now a days and most of the IT payers in India adopt the method  of filing the IT returns online.

The first criteria for filing IT returns online is to create a Profile in the Website for filing Income Tax return online. PAN number of the IT payer is the User ID.User has to create a Password and remember it.


After login to the site, the user has to follow the steps given in the following link for filing IT return online by anyone  of the two methods mentioned therein.

Ten facts to know about filing income tax return this year

Here we are taking a look at ten facts which you need to know about filing income tax return this year for the last financial year:

1.Due date for filing return
The due date for filing your income tax return is 31st July 2017. If you need to get a tax audit done, the due date is 30th September 2017. Filing before the due date is important if you want to carry forward any loss incurred by you during the year.

2.Mandatory return filing
It is mandatory to file income tax return if your taxable income before any deduction exceeds Rs 2.5 lakh. “The limits are 3 lakh and 5 lakh for senior citizen and super-senior citizen, respectively. Also, filing of ITR has been made mandatory if one has Long Term Capital Gains from sale of shares or mutual funds of more than Rs 2.5 lakh in a year,” says Archit Gupta, Founder & CEO, ClearTax.in.

3.Change in law w.r.t. revised return
Till last year, a revised return could be filed only if the original return was filed within the due date. Starting from this year, a return can be revised even if filed after due date, i.e even if a belated return is filed.

4.Linking of Aadhaar card with PAN
Based on a Supreme Court ruling and the rules announced during Budget 2017, it is now mandatory to link your Aadhaar Card with your PAN if you own both PAN and Aadhaar. 
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An interim relief has been provided by the SC only to those who may have PAN but not Aadhaar. However, your Aadhaar number or the Aadhaar Enrolment ID number will now be mandatorily required for filing of income tax returns as well as for applications for PAN from July 1 this year.

5.Dividend Tax
There has been a new rule regarding dividends. “Any person who receives dividend above Rs 10 lakh has to pay an additional income tax of 10% (on amount in excess of Rs 10 lakh). Dividend here includes dividend on equity shares or mutual fund units,” says Gupta.

6.Return filing mandatory even if TDS deducted
There is a misconception that a return has to be filed only when any tax is due. Return filing is now mandatory irrespective of TDS deducted on your income if your income exceeds Rs 2.5 lakh.

7.TDS and Form 26AS
Form 26AS is a Tax Credit Statement that contains details of all TDS deducted against your income. It is a good practice to check the TDS figures in Form 26AS before filing the income tax return.

8.Savings Bank Interest Income
Interest earned on savings bank account balance should be declared in the income tax return. Also, “a deduction of Rs 10,000 is available u/s 80TTA for income from interest. This means that savings interest income up to Rs 10,000 is indirectly exempt in the form of a deduction. This income can be calculated from the bank statement. The interest is usually paid quarterly or half-yearly,” says Gupta.

9.Schedule AL
A statement of assets and liabilities has to be provided by every assessee whose income is more than Rs 50 lakh, This statement also includes the cost of acquisition of movable properties held such as jewellery, vehicle or cash.

10.E-Verification of Income Tax Returns
It is now possible to E-verify your income tax return instead of sending ITR-V by post. This makes the verification process easier. This is an important step that is required to complete the process of online income tax return filing.